What Is Osteoarthritis?
Arthritis means "joint inflammation." It causes pain and swelling in body's joints such as knees or hips. There are many types of arthritis but osteoarthritis is the most common. Also known as degenerative joint disease or age-related arthritis, osteoarthritis is more likely to develop as people get older.
Osteoarthritis occurs when inflammation or injury of a joint causes a breaking down of cartilage tissue. In turn that breakdown causes pain, swelling, and deformity. Cartilage is a firm rubbery material that covers the ends of bones in normal joints. It is primarily made up of water and proteins. The primary function of cartilage is to reduce friction in the joints and serve as a "shock absorber." The shock-absorbing quality of normal cartilage comes from its ability to change shape when compressed. It can do this because of its high water content. Although cartilage may undergo some repair when damaged, the body does not grow new cartilage after it is injured.
Arthritis Pain and Sleep:
The pain of arthritis makes it tough for many people to get a good night’s sleep. If people with arthritis can improve the quality of their sleep they can usually reduce their day-to-day pain.
The two main types of osteoarthritis are:
Primary: More generalized osteoarthritis that affects the fingers, thumbs, spine, hips and knees
Secondary: Osteoarthritis that occurs after injury or inflammation in a joint.
How Does Osteoarthritis Affect the Hip Joint?
Patients who have osteoarthritis of the hip sometimes have problems walking. Diagnosis can be difficult at first. That's because pain can appear in different locations including the groin, thigh, buttocks, or knee. The pain can be stabbing and sharp or it can be a dull ache and the hip is often stiff.
What Causes Osteoarthritis of the Hip Joint?
The causes of osteoarthritis of the hip are unknown. Factors that may contribute include joint injury, increasing age and being overweight.
In addition osteoarthritis can sometimes be caused by other factors such as
- joint diformities
- genetic (inherited) defects of the cartilage
- extra stress on joints, either by being overweight or through activities that involve the hip
What Are the Symptoms of Osteoarthritis of the Hip?
If you have any of the following symptoms of hip osteoarthritis talk to your doctor:
- Joint stiffness that occurs as you are getting out of bed
- Joint stiffness after sitting for a long time
- Any pain, swelling, or tenderness in the hip joint
- A sound or feeling ("crunching") of bone rubbing against bone
- Inability to move the hip to perform routine activities such as putting on your socks
How Is Osteoarthritis of the Hip Diagnosed?
There is no single test for diagnosing osteoarthritis. Your doctor will take your medical history and perform a physical examination. This will include a check of your hip function. Your doctor may also order X-rays or other additional tests including blood tests.
How Is Osteoarthritis of the Hip Treated?
The main goal of treating osteoarthritis of the hip is to improve the person's mobility (ability to get around) and lifestyle. Part of this goal involves improving the function of the hip and controlling pain.
Treatment plans can involve:
- Rest and joint care
- Use of a cane to take weight off the affected hip
- Nondrug pain relief techniques to control pain
- Losing excess weight
- Medications, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug or a prescription pain medication
What Is Hip Replacement Surgery?
The hip joint is a ball-and-socket mechanism. The ball is located at the top of the thigh bone (femur). Total hip replacement surgery replaces the damaged ball with a metal ball. The hip socket is resurfaced using a metal shell and a plastic liner.
WHY AN AMIS TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT?
The AMIS technique causes less surgical trauma than other techniques because NO MUSCLES ARE CUT which aids in rapid recovery.
AMIS can potentially provide you with the following benefits:
- REDUCED SCAR SIZE : with AMIS the skin incision is often shorter.
- DECREASED POST-OPERATIVE PAIN: as muscles are not cut.
- LESS BLOOD LOSS : transfusions are rare
- SHORTER HOSPITAL STAY
- FASTER RETURN TO DAILY ACTIVITIES: depending on your general condition and with the approval of a surgeon, some AMIS patients may be driving in 8 -10 days.
- REDUCED RISK OF DISLOCATION
How Can Osteoarthritis of the Hip Be Prevented?
Μία μέθοδος για την πρόληψη της οστεοαρθρίτιδας του ισχίου είναι να διατηρηθεί ένα υγιές βάρος .
One method for preventing osteoarthritis of the hip is to maintain a healthy weight. In addition you should exercise. Exercise strengthens muscles around joints. Such strengthening can help prevent wear and tear on cartilage in a joint.